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The Global Gay

 

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The controversial debate regarding gay rights has acquired considerable awareness and acceptance, over the last decade (shown above) despite an existence of homosexuality at most times in history. The contemporary political economy is responsible for bringing together goods and services. Nevertheless identities emerge alongside, whereby they circulate and expand via the movement of people, culture and ideologies from Western to non-Western countries. In addition, people have migrated to the West, and contributed to the construction of new, hybrid sexual identities. Therefore, homosexual identities do not simply originate from Western culture domination, but are a consequence of globalisation; the interconnectedness of the world. Moreover, an  advancement in the sophistication of technology coupled with media chiefly in advertising, film and internet access (i.e a click of a mouse) allows awareness of homosexuality issues and thus, accumulation of support.

Traditionally law has been confined to a nation state. National courts and police have been responsible for enforcing rules however, an integration of the global political economy has changed the dynamics. Several legal institutions exist with global operations, which dominate the national agenda. Sexuality is being regulated at an International level providing new forms of sexual freedom and liberation.

Transnational LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transsexual) organisations have played an active role in the recent adoption of the national legislation, which has been approved by various western democracies. Non-governmental organisations around the world are involved in fighting for equal rights for LGBT people. The United Nations provides assistance to monitor and document abuses. Such networks attempt to obtain a universality of homosexual identity, and their major strategy involves appeals to norms of human rights to oppose discrimination. While the promotion of gay rights may be resisted amongst several countries, democracies are appreciating this phenomena as part of the human rights agenda. In addition, the globalisation of human rights has become a key criteria through which the “progress” of a nation is determined.

Lastly, it is essential to note that while globalisation has accommodated a yearning quest for equality as a fundamental human right across continents, I do realise that it has also fuelled incredible backlash and inequality for the LGBT community. However, LGBT identities are strengthening including arguments to include homosexuality within the framework of international human rights in the future. Hopefully some day we will live in conformity with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by treating people equally before the rule of law. Spread the word – we are here to love one another, regardless. Everyone has their own belief and globalisation has inherently strived to achieve an appreciation for notions of tolerance. They can be deemed winners (in progress) of the global political economy. In addition, I found this short video quite interesting which aims to reinforce my final point: http://www.upworthy.com/how-honey-maid-dealt-with-anti-gay-comments-about-commercial-perfectly?c=ufb1

References:

Globalisation and Transnational Sexualities. Available: http://iasscs.org/sites/default/files/Globalisation%20and%20Transnational%20Sexualities.pdf

Gay Rights and Globalisation. Available: http://www.globalization101.org/gay-rights-and-globalization/

Ammna Nasser (Dubai campus)

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5 thoughts on “The Global Gay

  1. Interesting analysis Ammna! I would have argued that homosexuals are the losers in the global political economy, due to the persistent stigma attached to homosexuality as well as institutional homophobia that exists within many parts of the world. But I think you’re right in that the perception is definitely changing.

    I think media also plays a very big role in this, for example the whole ‘gay best friend’ trend that is perpetuated by certain media outlets to women – in one way in normalises homosexuality, but the backlash is that it can also glamourise homosexuality in a way that can be quite condescending and patronising to homosexuals, resulting in the affirmation of certain stereotypes that are not always true.

    However, as you mentioned, LGBT rights is definitely something to keep an eye on over the next few years due to the increasing amount of legislation aimed towards this group of people.

    Deena Abdo

    • Thank you for your comment Deena. You have raised some excellent key points.
      1. Good point to note regarding the condescending mantra, “gay best friend” often used by women.
      2. Homosexuals are often stereotyped but I genuinely believe that while media is a source of reinforcement, it also acts as a tool to overcome these stereotypes.
      Unfortunately some argue that globalisation leads to homogeneous identities, and train of thoughts nevertheless others claim otherwise.
      These are some good avenues for further research.
      Ammna Nasser (Dubai campus)

  2. I agree with you that they are winners in progress as many steps forward regarding their rights have been made. However even if the advent of globalization claims principles of tolerance and open-mindedness, still there are a lot of stereotypes and prejudices against them. In many developing countries they are not acepted becasue of strong cultural and religious biliefs but this happens in developed countries as well, in fact there are frequent cases of homophobia which sometime end in acts of violence.

    Francesca Urso (Dubai Campus)

  3. Great post Ammna, and I agree with you, Deena and Francesca.
    Even though homosexuals are moving in the right direction towards equality, in today’s globalized world they still face discrimination. It is almost deemed a crime to be a homosexual in Russia, Uganda and other places. There are still employment discrimination towards homosexuals. The youth still get bullied and beaten up, sometimes even killed, because of their sexual orientation. While this is a step in the right direction, the road to tolerance and acceptance in some places is a long one.
    Balqis Hindash MDX Dubai Campus

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