The controversial debate regarding gay rights has acquired considerable awareness and acceptance, over the last decade (shown above) despite an existence of homosexuality at most times in history. The contemporary political economy is responsible for bringing together goods and services. Nevertheless identities emerge alongside, whereby they circulate and expand via the movement of people, culture and ideologies from Western to non-Western countries. In addition, people have migrated to the West, and contributed to the construction of new, hybrid sexual identities. Therefore, homosexual identities do not simply originate from Western culture domination, but are a consequence of globalisation; the interconnectedness of the world. Moreover, an advancement in the sophistication of technology coupled with media chiefly in advertising, film and internet access (i.e a click of a mouse) allows awareness of homosexuality issues and thus, accumulation of support.
Traditionally law has been confined to a nation state. National courts and police have been responsible for enforcing rules however, an integration of the global political economy has changed the dynamics. Several legal institutions exist with global operations, which dominate the national agenda. Sexuality is being regulated at an International level providing new forms of sexual freedom and liberation.
Transnational LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transsexual) organisations have played an active role in the recent adoption of the national legislation, which has been approved by various western democracies. Non-governmental organisations around the world are involved in fighting for equal rights for LGBT people. The United Nations provides assistance to monitor and document abuses. Such networks attempt to obtain a universality of homosexual identity, and their major strategy involves appeals to norms of human rights to oppose discrimination. While the promotion of gay rights may be resisted amongst several countries, democracies are appreciating this phenomena as part of the human rights agenda. In addition, the globalisation of human rights has become a key criteria through which the “progress” of a nation is determined.
Lastly, it is essential to note that while globalisation has accommodated a yearning quest for equality as a fundamental human right across continents, I do realise that it has also fuelled incredible backlash and inequality for the LGBT community. However, LGBT identities are strengthening including arguments to include homosexuality within the framework of international human rights in the future. Hopefully some day we will live in conformity with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by treating people equally before the rule of law. Spread the word – we are here to love one another, regardless. Everyone has their own belief and globalisation has inherently strived to achieve an appreciation for notions of tolerance. They can be deemed winners (in progress) of the global political economy. In addition, I found this short video quite interesting which aims to reinforce my final point: http://www.upworthy.com/how-honey-maid-dealt-with-anti-gay-comments-about-commercial-perfectly?c=ufb1
Globalisation and Transnational Sexualities. Available: http://iasscs.org/sites/default/files/Globalisation%20and%20Transnational%20Sexualities.pdf
Gay Rights and Globalisation. Available: http://www.globalization101.org/gay-rights-and-globalization/
Ammna Nasser (Dubai campus)