In the developing countries more than in developed, globalisation has led to the economic exploitation of children. As example can be used Uzbekistan and its cotton industry. Children in this country are exploited in the production of goods both for the export and the domestic market. Globalisation has led to decentralized production process and the weakening of trade unions. As a result, it lead to an increase in the number of children who work at tender age. All of these factors increase the competition over wage therefore children are seen as an alternative labour force.
In Uzbekistan, government officials in each region sent children to pick cotton in order to meet state cotton quotas. The government closes schools and children different ages are sent to pick cotton by hand. Each student has to pick a particular amount of cotton according to quotas. And those who did not meet the quotas or who picked a low quality crop will be punished. For example, their grades will probably be less good as they could be if they met the quotas. Children who run away from the cotton fields or do not want to take part will face very serious problems. According to the London-based rights group Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF) around 200,000 children are involved in cotton industry in Fergana which is the major cotton-producing region. Children work under conditions which are not appropriate for their health. In many cases, they do not have enough food and they have to drink irrigation water. Many children suffer with chronic diseases because of poor accommodation, lack of food and many hours of work. It is not clear how much money children get for their work. Some say $5 for five days work but others claim 15 US cents for the same period of labour.