Coming back to Syrian refugees, there is another issue which should be really taken into consideration, the case in Jordan. The Jordanian government welcomed the refugees; it has opened Zaatari camp which is located near the Syrian border. According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, due to the ongoing war in Syria, by the end of 2013 the number of refugees reached around one million. Even though, the refugees escaped the dangers in their homeland, their presence in Jordan is still making their lives challenging especially for women and girls.
There are several challenges that Syrian women are facing as refugees and all the challenges vary within and outside of the camp. For instance, there are concerns about domestic violence, sexual exploitation, forced marriages and prostitution of young Syrian Women. The situation has worsened; parents are selling their daughters to those who offer marriage, with the hope that they are doing the best for their daughter, so they are away from the refugee camp. However, in many cases those daughters have been used for a short-term pleasure marriages or prostitution.
According to many researchers, fears of sexual and gender-based violence became a crucial issue for Syrian women since arriving in Jordan. For instance, levels of intimate-partner violence have increased as well as sex-aid exchange and physical and emotional abuses. Similarly, as I mentioned before, the level of forced marriages among young Syrian girls aged 15-18 have dramatically increased; also there are many cases when girls have been married even before 15. This is how Syrian female refugees are treated in Jordan, and they are definitely losers. There is a short video which I found interesting, it clearly shows the lives of female refugees inside and outside of the camp.
Madina Orazakynova (Dubai Campus)