It is already known, since the start of the revolt in Syria, the number of Syrians crossing the border into Turkey has sharply increased. According to the United Nation Refugee Agency, by February 2013 the number of Syrian refugees has reached around 182,621. We all know the Turkish governments’ hostile position to the Syrian regime and that Syrian migration became linked with the Turkish domestic politics.
Syrians have been trying to find a job in order to move out from the refugee camps which were provided by the Turkish government. There have been many complaints about camp conditions, unequal distribution of basic goods, food and medical treatment. Especially, during the winter time, it gets much harder to survive, the camps are not suitable for winter weather, and tents are often flooded.
As one of the refugees stated “The camp conditions are great if you don’t mind living like animals, but if you want to live like a human, the conditions are unacceptable.”
It is important to highlight that there are a lot of Syrians outside the camps, living in mosques or parks, but wealthier families prefer renting apartments rather than staying in camps. Many Syrians are being employed without work permits, but they are not even getting benefits from their jobs. Majority of them are forced to work under exploitative conditions, for instance in construction sites, factories, farms and so on. Those who are still living in camps, trying to save money to rent apartments, but the average salary that they are making is not enough, 15 Turkish liras which is less than 7 euros per day. Also, it is necessary to mention that not only Syrian men are involved in the labor force but also women and children. According to many Syrians majority of farms and factories prefer and exploit Syrian workers rather than locals, since they are cheaper. Therefore, in this case Syrian refugees can be simply recognized as losers.
Madina Orazakynova (Dubai Campus)