Education is said to be the standard tool of increasing an individual’s likelihood of finding a good high income employment. Education is a vital component of our society and is related to collective values, history and culture. The education industry supplies better human capital which increases not only potential for economic growth but also relevant to social inclusion, security and liberty hence creating a work ethic and also economic nationalism. Compared with other OECD countries, UK spends comparatively little in education. The introduction of innovative market oriented reforms to the education system is an attempt to raise education standards in the country, but do all benefit from these reforms?
The provisions of services in education are market oriented and this has allowed parents to have more choices though these choices are very partial in scope. Implementation of market oriented reforms was aimed at producing efficient services and narrows the equality gap. Parents now have more choices on where a child can attain education however not all parents benefit from these choices. Low income families and vulnerable groups in society are not always aware of resources available on school programmes e.g school vouchers and grants to help cover school expenses. For these families children have to work twice as hard in order to gain entry to good grammar school. They are disadvantaged from the early year of education because of closure of nurseries and children centres run by the local authority due to government spending cuts. Studies have shown that children from disadvantaged background benefit from early learning experience also seen as a good start in life and it can promote learning and help children enter primary school with social skills, knowledge and right learning attitude not only necessary for learning but also for meeting normative potentials. Middle class working families are more able to exploit this because they have financial capital to move near the schools.
The education system is neither fair nor equal, it categories and selects its pupils and at most chooses some over others which then creates winners and losers. For a lot of people the quality of education received will determine their incomes level and social status. Those well-educated (always the winners) are seen to have more ideas thus allowing them to earn more money and because of these abilities they become valuable in a free market. The losers are those less educated with fewer ideas or abilities that are not in demand in a free market and are paid less therefore end up poor.


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