Gender equality in today’s world is seen as a fundamental bearing not only as a nowadays-common recognized human rights but also as a key to economic development. It is a high time to pull to pieces all those gender stereotypes and discriminatory practices which maintain women in the disadvantage the labor market and all other positions in the societies. Women in the world play a central role in socio-economic development in which their conditions influences those of their children who are the future generations. A Comprehensive economic argument for gender equality have been developed which is seen at a microeconomic level, a recent literature on time use and bargaining power in household showed how inequality in care work influences negatively labor market participation (Borjas, 2009). It exposes gender inequalities in the labor market, which results in low usefulness of economic, that do not employ all their abilities. Gender equality has till a long way to go both in developed and developing countries in the world.
A gender inequality in the labor market is still a problem that is still on the tract to get rid of. An example is the earning gap between blacks and whites in the United States have changed over time. Gender inequality looms stage, reflecting the importance of well-paid largely male manual jobs in heavy industries in US. According to debate and analysis, it’s stated that former post communist countries have reached comparably high stands of gender inequality compared to western European countries (Schnepf, 2006).
In terms of employment, industrial employer wouldn’t employ a woman if he could get a man for the same amount of money, unless if the women is willing to do the same job lesser than that of the man.
The US from the 19th century onwards, born white women enjoyed steady increasing access to non-agricultural and nonindustrial occupation, but quietly found jobs as office clerks, secretaries. They also expand many educational opportunities most especially for the white and milled class women which result in engaging themselves into social workers, teachers and Liberians (Boydston, 2001).
Malta have the highest gab between male and female employment rate with around 32%, other countries like Italy, Slovakia, Poland, Cyprus, and Greece also have a high differences between male and female employment rates, the gender pay gap in the Europe was about 16.2% in 2011.